The Netherlands physical map shows landform and geography of Netherlands. This geographical map of Netherlands will allow you to discover physical features of Netherlands in Europe. The Netherlands physical map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The country can be split into two physical areas the low and flat lands in the west and north as its mentioned in Netherlands geography map. These lands, including the reclaimed polders and river deltas, make up about half of its surface area and are less than 1 m (3.2 ft) above sea level, much of it actually below sea level. An extensive range of seawalls and coastal dunes protect the Netherlands from the sea, and levees and dikes along the rivers protect against river flooding.
Water dominates the Netherlands physical landscape. Three big European rivers (Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt) reach the ocean via the Netherlands and create an important delta as you can see in Netherlands geography map. 26% of the Netherlands is under sea level. During a age-long battle against the water, the Dutch constructed a water system consisting of dykes, polders and weirs. However, the Netherlands offers more variation than the familiar green, flat polder landscape with black and white cows.
Most of the Netherlands is low-lying, with nearly half of the physical land at or below sea level. Zuidplaspolder, the country lowest point, lies at 23 feet below sea level as its shown in Netherlands geography map. The threat of flooding, constantly a worry in the past, is mitigated somewhat today by a series of cutting-edge sea dikes that keep the waters of the North Sea from inundating the country.
Netherlands topographic map shows the physical features of Netherlands. This topographical map of Netherlands will allow you to discover landforms and geographical of Netherlands in Europe. The Netherlands topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Netherlands falls into three natural topographical divisions as its mentioned in Netherlands topographic map: the dunes, the lowlands or "polders" (low-lying land reclaimed from the sea and from lakes and protected by dikes), and the higher eastern section of the country. About 27% of the land lies below sea level. A long range of sand dunes on the western coast protects the low alluvial land to the east from the high tides of the North Sea, and farther east and southeast are found diluvial sand and gravel soil.
The most extensive topographic polder in Netherlands is that of East Flevoland in the province of Flevoland; it has an area of nearly 55,000 ha (136,000 acres) as you can see in Netherlands topographic map. Many dikes have been constructed along the lower Rhine and Meuse (Maas) rivers, as well as on a portion of the North Sea coast and along nearly the whole of the coast of the former Zuider Zee (formally called the Ijsselmeer since its enclosure by a dike in 1932). There are many canals in the country, most of which have numerous locks.
The Netherlands is considered to have an unusual topography owing to the fact that much of its land is below sea level. This is because a huge chunk of the country 41.5k square kilometers was reclaimed from the sea and is protected by dikes for obvious reasons as its shown in Netherlands topographic map. This country has three natural geographical divisions which include sand dunes, lowlands and highlands each with unique features that contribute to its topography.
The Netherlands elevation map shows the different altitudes of Netherlands. This altitude map of Netherlands will allow you to know where are the highest and lowest regions of Netherlands in Europe. The Netherlands elevation map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Netherlands average elevation is about 440 ft. The highest point of Netherlands as its mentioned in Netherlands elevation map, the Vaalserberg, is situated in the extreme south and is 321 m (1,053 ft) above sea level; while the lowest elevation point, 7 m (23 ft) below sea level, is Prins Alexanderpolder, an area of reclaimed land situated northeast of Rotterdam.
The Vaalserberg ("Mount Vaals") is a hill 322.7 metres (1,059 ft) in height and the highest elevation point in the European part of the Netherlands. The Vaalserberg is located in the province of Limburg, at the south-easternmost edge of the country in the municipality of Vaals, near the eponymous town, some three kilometres west of Aachen as you can see in Netherlands elevation map.
The Zuidplaspolder northeast of Rotterdam is the lowest elevation point in the Low Countries and lies 22 feet (6.76 metres) below sea level or below NAP (Normal Amsterdam Level - the accepted constant sea level) as its shown in Netherlands elevation map. The principal rivers of the Low Countries include the Schelde, Meuse (Maas), and branches of the lower Rhine.
The rivers in Netherlands map shows the principal rivers with their names of Netherlands. The rivers map of Netherlands will allow you to find the main rivers which flow in and through Netherlands in Europe. The Netherlands rivers map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Much of the land area below the sea level is manmade. Despite the low altitude and the dense population, Netherlands is the second leading exporter of agricultural products. Much of Netherlands was formed by the major European rivers and their tributaries as its mentioned in Netherlands rivers map. The country is also divided into the north and the south by the country major river, the Rhine. The rivers in Netherlands play both administrative and economic roles.
The River Rhine is called different names depending on the country it flows through. It is called Rhein in Germany; Rhine in France and Rijn in Netherlands. The Rhine is one of the longest and most important river in Europe. It runs for over 1,232 km (766 mi) from its source in the in the Swiss Alps (in Switzerland), issuing from the Rheinwaldhorn Glacier 3,353m above sea level as you can see in Netherlands rivers map. The Rhine flows through six countries -Switzerland, Principality of Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, France and the Netherlands before flowing into the North Sea at Rotterdam.
Meuse River is the second longest river in Netherlands and one of the largest European river covering a distance of 575 miles as its shown in Netherlands rivers map. It rises in France and flows through Netherlands and Belgium before emptying its waters into the North Sea. In Netherlands, the river is known as “Masa” while in France it is commonly referred to as the “Mosa.” Ems River, or Eems as it is called in Dutch, is a river in northwestern Germany that runs through North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony states before discharging into the Dollart Bay. It covers a distance of 231 miles. The source of Ems River is at the southern Teutoburg Forest.
The mountains in Netherlands map shows the principal mountains with their names in Netherlands. The mountains map of Netherlands will allow you to find the main mountains ranges and highest mountains of Netherlands in Europe. The Netherlands mountains map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Mount Scenery as its shown in Netherlands mountains map is the highest point in the Kingdom of the Netherlands at an elevation of 2,877 feet, and it is located within the Saba Municipality. The stratovolcano is potentially active, the last eruption having occurred in 1640. The mountain has mostly primary and secondary rainforests on its slopes, cloud forests, mosses and a rich diversity of flora and fauna. The Quill is the second highest point in Netherlands at an elevation of 1972 feet. The stratovolcano is located on the Sint Eustatius Island in the Caribbean. The volcano was established as a national park in 1998. The mountain, though it has been dormant for a long time it is considered potentially active due to groundwater heating.
Mount Christoffelberg is the fourth highest point in Netherlands at an elevation of 1,230 feet. The mountain as its mentioned in Netherlands mountains map is found within the Curacao Christfellpark which is a reserve and wildlife park in the Dutch Caribbean. The peak of the mountain has a rugged terrain with caves on the lower elevations of the mountain. The mountain supports a wide variety of flora and fauna including cacti, iguanas, lizards, the white tailed deer, and a wide variety of bird species.
The Ardennes Mountains occupy portions of Belgium, Luxembourg and France, but their foothills stretch into the extreme southern Netherlands as you can see in Netherlands mountains map. Troy is the third highest point in Netherlands at an elevation of 1,818 feet. The mountain is located in Saba. The mountain is home to some animals such as lizards, iguanas, and some birds. The mountain attracts a large number of tourists mountaineering, and hiking.
The Netherlands climate map shows average temperature and climate zones of Netherlands. This climate map of Netherlands will allow you to know weather, average precipitation, average sunshine and different climates of Netherlands in Europe. The Netherlands climate map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The climate of Netherlands is Mediterranean in the North and in some mountains (West of Atlas), which becomes more extreme towards the interior regions. The terrain is such that the coastal plains are rich and accordingly, they comprise the backbone for agriculture, especially in the North. Forests cover about 12% of the land while arable land accounts for 18%; 5% is irrigated as its shown in Netherlands climate map. In the Atlas (Middle Atlas), there are several different climates: Mediterranean (with some more humid and fresher variants), Maritime Temperate (with some humid and fresher variants too) that allow different species of oaks, moss carpets, junipers, atlantic cedars and many other plants, to form extensive and very rich humid cloud forests.
In the highest peaks of Netherlands a different climate may occur. On the other side of Atlas mountains (East Atlas), the climate changes, due to the barrier/shelter effect of these mountainous system, turning it very dry and extremely warm during the summer (that can last several months), especially on the lowlands and on the valleys faced to the Sahara as its mentioned in Netherlands climate map. Here it starts the big Desert Sahara and it is perfectly visible, for example, on the Draa Valley, on which it is possible to find oases, sand dunes and rocky desert landscapes. So the climate in this region is desert.
The average temperature of the Netherlands is about 2 degrees Celsius (35 degrees Fahrenheit) in the month of January. In July the average monthly temperature is 19°C (66F). The annual average temperature is approximately 10 degrees Celsius (50F) as you can see in Netherlands climate map. The average annual rainfall in a year is 700 millimetres (28in).